K2/Spice (synthetic marijuana) information
K2 or “Spice” is an illicit drug that is comprised of a mixture of herbs and spices, typically sprayed with a synthetic compound that is chemically similar to THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. The most common chemical compounds of K2 include HU-210, HU-211, JWH-018, and JWH-073. K2 is often marketed in head shops, tobacco shops, or over the Internet as incense or “fake weed.” Unknown product origin and amount of chemical compound on the organic material are just two of the many risks associated with K2/Spice.
Bliss, Black Mamba, Bombay Blue, Cloud Nine, Fake Weed, Genie, Spice, Zohai
K2 / Spice is typically sold in small, silvery plastic bags of dried leaves and marketed as incense that can be smoked. It is said to resemble potpourri.
Methods of abuse
K2 / Spice products are usually smoked in joints or pipes, but some users make it into a tea.
Affect on mind
Psychological effects are similar to those of marijuana and include paranoia, panic attacks, and giddiness.
Affect on body
Physiological effects of K2 / Spice include increased heart rate and increase of blood pressure. It appears to be stored in the body for long periods of time, and therefore the long-term effects on humans are not fully known.
Drugs causing similar effects
There have been no reported deaths by overdose.
Legal status in the United States
On Tuesday, March 1, 2011, DEA published a final order in the Federal Register temporarily placing five synthetic cannabinoids into Schedule I of the CSA. The order became effective on March 1, 2011. The substances placed into Schedule I are 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl) indole (JWH-018), 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl) indole (JWH-073), 1-[2-(4-morpholinyl) ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200), 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP-47,497), and 5-(1,1-dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol; CP-47,497 C8 homologue). This action is based on a finding by the Administrator that the placement of these synthetic cannabinoids into Schedule I of the CSA is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. As a result of this order, the full effect of the CSA and its implementing regulations including criminal, civil and administrative penalties, sanctions, and regulatory controls of Schedule I substances will be imposed on the manufacture, distribution, possession, importation, and exportation of these synthetic cannabinoids.
Common places of origin
Manufacturers of this product are not regulated and are often unknown since these products are purchased via the Internet whether wholesale or retail. Several websites that sell the product are based in China. Some products may contain an herb called damiana, which is native to Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
Drug Abuse Recognition (DAR)
As a point of reference, the following objective symptoms: Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus, Vertical Gaze Nystagmus, Lack of Convergence, Pulse, Romberg Stand, Pupil Size, and Pupillary Reaction To Light are determined during a DAR evaluation to identify drug influence and impairment. The following objective symptoms of someone under the influence of K2/Spice may be used as a reference only, and should not be used to replace certified Drug Abuse Recognition Training.
Please contact Express Diagnostics if you would like more information on DAR-OS or drug abuse recognition training.
Cannabis: Marijuana/cannabis, K2/Spice
|Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus||Not Present|
|Vertical Gaze Nystagmus||Not Present|
|Lack of Convergence||Present|
|Romberg Stand||Fast to Normal|
|Pupil Size||Dilation to Normal|
|Pupillary Reaction To Light||Normal|